[:en]AP Grama Sachivalayam Exam Pattern Syllabus Post Wise[:]


AP Grama Sachivalayam Exam Pattern Syllabus Post Wise


Written Exam


No. of Questions





Part A : General Studies and mental ability




Part B : Subject related to the post





150 Marks



1. General Mental ability and reasoning.

2. Quantitative aptitude including data interpretation.

3. General English.

4. Current affairs of regional, national and International importance.

5. General Science and its applications to the day to day life, Contemporary development in science and Technology and information Technology.

6. History & Culture of India with specific focus on AP.

7. Indian polity and governance: constitutional issues, 73/74th Amendments, public policy, reforms ad centre – state relations with specific reference to Andhra Pradesh.

8. Society, Social justice, rights issues.

9. Physical geography of Indian sub-continent and Andhra Pradesh.

10. Key welfare & development schemes of Government of Andhra Pradesh.



1. Basics in Veterinary anatomy and Physiology:

Major bones and joints of Animals, Important organs & functions of Digestive,

Respiratory, Circulatory, Urinary, Genital, Nervous and endocrine system.

2. Infectious Diseases of Livestock Poultry:

Characteristics of different infectious agents, Bacteria, Virus, parasite (external &

Internal), Transmission of diseases of Livestock poultry

Bacterial Diseases: Anthrax, HS, BQ, Mastitis, TB, JD, Brucellosis, Pullorum

Disease, fowl Cholera.

Viral: PPR, FMD, POX, Rabies, RD, IB, ILT, Gambaro.

Parasitic: Ascariasis, strongylosis, amphistomiasis, mange, ticks, lice.

Fungal: Ring Worm,Vaccines for infectious diseases

General hygiene prevention & control measures of infectious diseases of

livestock & poultry

3. Veterinary Pharmacy:

Drugs, forms, weighing, measuring (units) routes of administration of drugs, oral

parenteral ( SC, IM, IV) Forms of drugs – Powders, mixtures, lotion, ointment,

paste, tablet, electuary, enema, tinctures, bolus, emulsion, Standards of drug

manufacturing I.P, B.P., B.Vet.C.,

4. Fundamentals of Animal reproduction and Gynaecology:

Genital organs of different livestock species, sexual maturity, estrus cycle,

gestation, pregnancy diagnosis, parturition, infertility and sterility and their

treatment, common reproductive disorders – Dystocia & Retention of placenta

5. Basics in artificial insemination:

Advantages of AI, Preparation of AV, Semen collection, Management of Frozen

„semen, Handling f liquid nitrogen container, detection of heat in different

livestock, insemination techniques, precautions for successful AI, follow up of AI

6. Basics in Surgery:

General surgical conditions – abscesses, wounds, fractures. Antiseptics &

disinfectants. Pre-operative &Post operative surgical care. Surgical pack

preparation. Sterilisation techniques. Castration & different bandaging


7. Fundamentals of Veterinary Medicine:

Definition of Health, disease, symptoms. Physical & clinical examination of

animals. Collection of History. General Diagnosis, treatment and control of

diseases of gastrointestinal tract, liver, respiratory system, skin, Uro-genital

tract, nervous system, metabolic and deficiency diseases

8. Introduction of Veterinary Biologicals and Vaccines:

Veterinary Biologicals and their importance in Veterinary practice.Handling &

storage of various Biologicals. Vaccination schedule for livestock and poultry.

9. Veterinary First Aid and clinical Management:

Restraining of various Livestock species. Registration of cases. History taking,

Recording of Body temperature, pulse and respiration. Methods of medication,

(Oral and Parental) First aid measures in emergency cases. Collection & dispatch

of clinical samples.

10. Analytical Laboratory Techniques:Common equipment for laboratory analysis,

guidelines for handling chemicals & equipment, disposal of laboratory wastes.

Sampling and sample preparation for chemical analysis.

11. Laboratory Diagnostic Techniques – ISterilisation techniques of laboratory

chemicals and glass ware. Media preparation, sero diagnosis – antigen,


12. Laboratory Diagnostic Techniques – II

Collection, preservation & dispatch of various materials for parasitological

examination – Skin scrapings, etc.

13. Dairy Management:Importance of Milk – Advantages of Dairy farming important

breeds of cattle & Buffaloes. Important exotic dairy cattle.Importance of cross

breeding. Advantages of cross bred cows and upgrading of buffaloes. Ideal

dairy animals. Dairy Farm practices. Feeding and Management of different

classes of dairy animals. Milking methods. Clean Milk production. Importance of

Colostrum. Housing of dairy animals. Identification of Dairy animals. Package of

practices in calf rearing. Heifer rearing. Management of high yielding cows and

buffaloes. Composition and Chemical properties of milk. Farm records and their

maintenance. Bio gas production. Economics of Dairy Farming. Role of Milk cooperatives. Milk Chilling, Pasteurisation in milk – Important products. Marketing

of dairy cattle, milk & milk products, important dairy products.

14. Principles of management of Meat animals Importance of meat producing

animals – sheep, goat, swine and rabbits.Popular breeds of sheep, goat & swine

and their characters.Breeding.Mating practices, feeding and general

management & guidelines.Care and management of pregnant & lactating

animals.Rearing of lambs, kids and piglets.Housing of sheep, goat, &

swine.Debugging, docking, castration, vaccination, deworming, deticking in meat

animals – Marketing of Live meat animals – Livestock insurance.

15. Livestock Farm Management:

Livestock farming vs mixed farming, record keeping, farm inventory marketing

of Livestock & Livestock products, distribution channels, organisation of cooperative societies.

16. Principles of Livestock feeding:Importance of feeding – classification of feeds

and fodders – importance of cultivated fodder & legumes, roughages &

concentrates – chaffing of fodder- preparation of concentrate mixture –

Formulation of rations- fodder conservation (Hay & Silage making) – common


crop residues in animal feeding. Important fodder trees. Animal feeding &

drought and natural calamities – storage feeds – Thumb rules for Livestock

feeding – Urea treated paddy straw.

17. Basics of Pet & Zoo animals management :

Common pet animals and their utility, common breeds of dogs, handling &

restraining of pet animals Feeding & Management of dogs, important zoo

animals – care, management & health cover of zoo animals Vaccination

schedule, deworming – administration of medicines in different routes in dogs

and cats

18. Avian Hatchery Management: Layout of Hatchery- incubators- setters – Hatchery

incubation – management. Hatching eggs – Collection , selection and storage –

fumigation – requirement of incubation – temperature, humidity , ventilation,

turning candling of eggs – sexing , vaccination, grading of chicks, dubbing and

toy clipping.

19. Poultry Management:Advantages of Poultry farming – present status of poultry

industry – different breeds – system of poultry rearing – advantages and

disadvantages – poultry farm equipment – breeding management – feeding and

management of different classes of poultry – feed supplements – additives –

mixing of poultry feeds – measure of sanitation – disinfection and disease

control – Reconstitution of vaccine and their preservation – routes of vaccination

– designing of vaccination program – litter management – handling of eggs.

Farm records – record keeping. Feeding management of other avian species.

Economics of poultry farming ( Layers& Broilers) –Marketing of poultry eggs and

chicken meat

20. Basics in Meat production & Handling :Importance of meat yielding animals –

Selection of ideal meat animals – optimum for slaughter – common instruments

used to handle meat animals – dressing percentage- transportation of meat

animals – care during transport – pre-slaughter handling – methods of slaughter

– major cuts and their yields – components of abattoir – optimum facilities

principles of meat preservation – ageing of differing species of Livestock


1. Principles and Practices of Crop Production

2. Principles and practices of Soil Science and Management

3. Principles of Agricultural Economics

4. Fundamentals of Seed Technology

5. Agricultural Extension Methods

6. Fundamentals of Plant Protection

7. Watershed Management

8. Soil and Water Conservation Practices

9. Farm Machinery, power and Agricultural Implements

10.Environmental Science and Disaster Management

11.Post-Harvest Technology



I. General Fisheries:

1. Introduction to Fishes; Principles of Taxonomy; Classification of Fishes;

Catadromous, Anadromous Fish migration

2. Commercially important species of Marine, Freshwater & Brackish water fishes

of India & Andhra Pradesh

3. General Morphology, Anatomy, Physiology of Fishes, Shrimp, Prawn, Crab

4. Nutritive Value of Fish & Prawn

5. Status on Aquatic Production & Productivity of India & AP

6. Status of exports of aquatic products from lndia & AP

7. Carnivorous Fishes & Toxic aquatic species

8. Assessment of Quality of Fish.

II. Inland Fisheries

1. Inland Fisheries Resources of Andhra Pradesh

2. Types of water bodies exists in freshwater ecosystem

3. Ecology of Pond, tanks, lakes, Reservoir, River

4. Classification of Reservoirs & their Management;

5. Banned fish species and mechanism of disposal of stocks

6. Induced Breeding Techniques

7. Inland Fish Seed Farms & management

8. Cage culture in Reservoirs – pros & cons

9. Ornamental Fishes- Breeding & rearing techniques

III. Marine Fisheries:

1. Marine Resources of Andhra Pradesh

2. Tides, Currents, waves, monsoons, continental shelf, upwelling & sinking

3. Important marine fishery; coastal, offshore & deep sea species

4. Importance of by-catch Reduction Devices Turtle Excluder Device

5. Conservation of marine Turtles & mammals

6. Sea safety & Navigational equipment

7. Registration of marine Fishing Craft

8. Fish Landing Centres, Fishing Harbours Management

9. Important Deep sea fishes of India

10. Marine Cage Culture

11. Marine Fishing ban period

12. Coastal Security- MFR Act, MS Act.

13. Colour Code for Marine Fishing Boats

IV. Aquaculture:

1. Types of Aquaculture systems

2. Pond construction

3. Water & Soil management

4. Indian Major Carps Breeding & hatchery management

5. Nursery Management

6. Seed Rearing; Production management of Advanced Fingerling & Yearlings

7. Breeding & Hatchery management of Freshwater Prawn, M. rosenbergii

8. Breeding & Hatchery management of L. vannamei

9. Preliminary Concepts of Specific Pathogen Free brood stock, Nucleus Breeding

Centre, Brood Stock Multiplication Centre, Aquatic Quarantine Facility

10. Integrated Fish farming with Paddy- Horticulture

11. Fish nutrition and feed management : Types of Feed, Feeding methods,

Nutritional requirement of Fish; quantity of feed

12. Registration & Regularization of freshwater aquaculture ponds for culturing

Indian Major Carps – DLC- Guidelines- Penalty & demolition on violations

13. CAA guidelines for registration of aqua farms and Hatcheries

14. Guidelines for culture of Nile Tilapia in ponds

15. Production & Productivity enhancement mechanisms

16. Common Diseases of aquatic animals & management

17. Concept of Biosecurity and HACCP

18. Best Management Practices for achieving sustainable production

V. Fishing Craft and Gear:

1. Types of Crafts & Gear used in capture fishery – marine, inland sectors

2. Different types of gear material 3. Mesh Size Regulation

VI. Fisheries Management:

1. Pollution & control measures 2. Marketing- Role of fisherwomen- Hygiene handling & maintenance of fish markets 3. Conservatory measures in marine & reservoir fisheries 4. Role of Gram Panchayats in development of fishery wealth 5. Lively hood enhancement & employment opportunities in fisheries sector 6. Various value added & health products 7. Usage of Banned Antibiotics in aquaculture and its implications on exports 8. Concept of Aqua zonation & its benefits in management 9. Role of Fisheries Co-operatives in enhancing the fish production & productivity in public water bodies 10.Natural calamities- Floods, Cyclones, Tsunamis- Role of communities, local bodies in preparedness 11. Role of Gram Panchayats in Maintenance of Fish Markets.




Horticulture – Definition – importance – divisions of horticulture – Horticultural

zones in A.P. and India – Influence of climate on Horticultural crops – effects of

environmental stress – its management – Selection of site – steps in orchard

establishment – methods of irrigation – training and pruning – Flowering –

stages of fruit drop – Reasons and prevention of fruit drop – Fruit thinning –

advantages and disadvantages – unfruitfulness – reasons and remedies of

unfruitfulness – growth regulators – definition – functions – classification –

uses of growth regulators in horticulture – methods of application of growth



Plant propagation – Definition – principles of Plant propagation – methods of

propagation – structures and media used in Plant propagation – sexual or seed

propagation – importance – vegetative propagation – importance –

Propagation through cuttings – layering importance and methods – selection of

root stocks and scion – types of budding – role of root stocks in fruit

production – suitability of root stocks – factors influencing the selection of site

for nursery establishment – Nursery management – precautions – characters of

good quality nursery plants


Food security importance of vegetable in Indian economy and nutritional value

Olericulture – varieties soil climate requirements – seed treatment – nursery

transplanting – after care – fertilizer management – inter cultivation – irrigation

harvesting storage – nutritional deficiency symptoms – use of growth

regulators in the following crops – fruit vegetables (tomato , brinjal, bendi,

chillies) – cucurbitaceous vegetables (bottle guard, bitter guard, musk melon,

water melon, squashes and pumpkins) – leguminaceous vegetables (cluster

bean, french bean, garden bean, cowpea and peas) – cole crops (cabbage,

cauliflower) – root vegetables (radish, carrot, beetroot and turnip) – bulbs &

tubers (onion, garlic, potato, sweet potato, tapioca, elephant foot yarn,

colocasia) – leafy vegetables (amaranths, menthi, palak, spinach, hibiscus) –

perennial vegetables (parawal, drumstick, curry leaf, coccinea).


Soils – rocks and minerals – soil formation soil structure – soil profile – soil

physical(bulk density, partical density, porosity), biological(immobilization and

mineralization nitrogen fixation CN ratio role of soil microbes and their

management) and chemical(soil particles, nature and properties, cation

exchange capacity, anion exchange capacity, pH and salinity) properties –

types of soils in AP – problem soils and their management – essentiality of

nutrients – nutrient deficiency symptoms and their management – soil fertility

management – suitable soils for Horticulture.


Sources of farm power – advantages and disadvantages – types of agriculture

engines – principles and mode of work – tractors and power tillers

classifications – primary and secondary tillage – implements – plough, danthi,

gorru, plant protection equipment – sprayers and dusters – tools for inter

cultivation – harvesters for mango and sapota – post harvest tools (blanches,

cleaners, graders, sorters) storage of foods – cold storage – field structures –

zero energy cool chamber – godowns and fruit and vegetable storage – green

house technology – construction features – use in horticulture – mode of work

and management


Farm labour and machinery – farm accounts – definition – good farm account

features – advantages of farm accounts – maintenance of basic accounts –

preparation of farm accounts, balance sheet – Agricultural finance – loan

classification sanction of loan – repayment schemes for backlog people – DIR,

IRDP financing agencies – RBI – NABARD their role – commercial banks – lead

bank scheme – loaning procedure – crop insurance – Agricultural marketing –

classifications of markets – based on competitions – functions of markets –

problems and their remedies in marketing – regulated market – definition –

functions – advantages – cooperative marketing – NAFED, MARKFED, single

window – definition – functions – advantages – warehousing corporation –

SWC, CWC – definition – functions – advantages – FCI, International marketing.


Area – production – importance – orchard management – nutritive value –

origin – distribution – species – varieties – root stocks – high density planting –

climate soil – layout – training and pruning – nutrition – irrigation – inter

cultivation – maturity – harvesting – grading – packing and storage for the



Introduction – importance – origin – distribution – botanical classification –

species – varieties – propagation – selection of cuttings – climate soil –

planting after care – fertilizer management – inter cultivation – training and

pruning – flowering – fruit set, fruit development – maturity harvesting –

purification methods – marketing and production of valued added products





Methods of preparing value added products – jam, jelly, marmalade, candies,

crystallized and glazed fruit preserves, pickles preserves – ketchup, sass, totifruiti syrup, fresh fruit juices, squash and cordials, fermented beverages –

making methods.


Organic Manures – definition, characters, classification – bulky organic

manures (FYM, Compost, Vermicompost) – method of making, nature and

useful nutrients– concentrated organic manures (oil cakes, bone meal) – green

manure crops – characters – decomposition – CN ratio – Nutrient availability –

Advantages and problems – bio gas plant – use of efluents from bio gas plant

as manure – FERTILIZERS – definition, characters, classification – essentiality

of macro nutrients – nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium

and sulpher – suitability of fertilizers to soils and crops – essentiality of micro

nutrients – differences between manures and fertilizers – Bio fertilizers –

definition, characters & classification – azolla, BGA, rhizobium, azotobacter,

phosphobacteria – methods of using them – symptoms of nutritional

deficiencies in horticultural crops their correction – factors influencing fertilizer

use efficiency – integrated nutrient management for important horticultural



Important diseases, causal organisms, disease symptoms and spread in crops,

citrus(acid lime, orange), mango, guava, sapota, papaya, banana, grapes,

pomegranate, ber, chilli, brinjal, bendi, root crops, tomato, onion, coriander,

cruciferous vegetables, cucurbitaceous vegetables, beans, peas, betelvine,

black pepper, turmeric, coffea, coconut, oilpalm, rose, chrysanthemum,

jasmine, marigold, tuberose, crosandra, aster and gladiolus – FUNGICIDES –

classification – nature of work – methods of using them – dosage – toxicity –

disease management through important fungisites.


Measurement of land for ornamental gardens – fruit and vegetable gardens

and landscaping in parks – chain survey – trigonametrical survey –

measurement of regular and irregular shaped sites – leveling –water lifting

methods from deep soil – types of pumps – centrifugal pump, deep well

turbine and submersible pump – calculation of volume of water in irrigation

canals and pipes – irrigation methods – surface irrigation – drip and sprinkler

irrigation – soil erosion control and protection methods – water conservation

through digging of pits – removal of silt from tanks – soil and water

conservation technology – prevention of water losses in canals and improving

water uses efficiency.


Nutritive value – classification – species – varietal identification – soil and water

requirements, root stocks – propagation methods – layouts – training – pruning

– fertilizer management – irrigation – inter cultivation – problems in cultivation

– flowering and fruit set – maturity indices, yield, grading, packing, transport

and storage methods for the sub tropical and arid fruit crops – Grapes,

Pomagranate, Ber, Litchi, Amla, Jamun, Custard Apple, Fig, Palsa, Tamarind,

Passion Fruit, Karonda.


Growing methods, importance, origin, classification, species, varieties, soil

climatic requirements, propagation, spacing, irrigation, fertilizers,

Intercultivation, training and pruning special horticultural practices use of

growth regulators, determination of harvesting stage, harvest, yield post

harvest methods and flower drying methods for important commercial flower

crops – Rose, Crossandra, Jasmin Chrysanthemum, Gladiolus, Michelia, China

Aster, Marrigold, Anthurium, Carnation, Gerbera, Dahlia And Orchids.


Seed production – objective – variety – definition – maintenance of varieties –

production of nucleus and breeders seed in self pollinated, cross pollinated and

vegetatively propagated crops – seed production in vegetables – testing

genetic – purity in seeds – general principles of seed production, production of

different types of seeds – soil requirement isolation distance – planting ratio,

rouging – harvest and post harvest management, packing and storage of seed

–seed certification objective – standards – testing seed quality – points to be

considered for determining seed quality – germination tests – grow out tests –

seed health – seed quality test in crop varieties – types of seed production

(breeder seed, foundation seed, certified seed) – seed quality – new seed

policy – suitable places for vegetable seed production.


Identification of insects with horticultural importance – different orders – insect

control and management – integrated plant protection – non insect pests –

mites, rats, monkeys, birds, squirrels and their management – study of

Acaricides, nematicides, rodenticides – identification of important insect pests,

symptoms, nature of feeding, life cycle and management in the crops MANGO,




CHRYSANTHEMUM, JASMINE AND TUBEROSE – pesticides – definition –

classification – toxicity – pesticides residues –methods of application – effect of

dosages – APICULTURE – species of honey bees – characters – behavior –

swarming – division of communities – management bee hive – types tools for

apiculture – poisonous effects bees enemies of honey bees – disease and their

control – artificial maturity and collection of honey.


Post harvest importance in horticulture – maturity of fruit vegetable –

harvesting handling – grading – pre harvest factors and points determining

posts harvest quality – physical and chemical changes during ripening – delay

of ripening – post harvest treatment – quality standard storage methods for

local and distant marketing – methods of packing – cold storage.


Importance – definition – scope, prospects of ornamental gardening land scape

architecture and interior gardening – styles of gardening – components – basic

principles – ornamental garden models for home, schools, colleges, public

buildings, parks and rural areas – garden features – lawn, flower beds, hedges,

path ways, fences, compound wall, steps, statues, water canal, water pool,

water fall, terraces, rockery, arches, pergola, topiary, interior gardening,

principles and plans – road side planting of trees, shrubs, climbers, ground

covering plants – selection planting management – ornamental foliage plants –

lawn making and protection – water plants, bonsai principles – flower

decorations – principles and style – rangoli, floral ball – dry flower decorations

and flower arrangements.


Origin, history, area, production, importance, uses, varieties, soil water

requirements propagation, planting, inter cultivation, fertilizer, irrigation,

training and pruning, harvest and processing in the medicinal (Dioscorea,

Sarpagandha, kasivanga, Pyrethrum, Catharanthus, Poppy, Aswagandha, Amla,

Aloevera, Cassia, Plantago, Isabgul and tulsi ) and aromatic crops (kamakshi

kasupu, lemon grass, rosha grass, paneer, vetiver, davanam, nilgiri, pudina,

vanilla, rose and jasmine)


Protected cultivation, introduction, importance, green house, poly house,

definition, points to remember while construction, advantages over

conventional open field cultivation – problems in green house – structures, site,

types sizes of green houses – soil less media, sterilization – light and air –

ventilation – fertigation – nutrient management through water soluble

fertilizers in green houses – green house cultivation of rose, gerbera, tomato

and capsicum varieties correction of nutrient deficiencies of plant protection

and post harvest technology.


Dry land Horticulture – definition – soil and water management – dry climate

zones – classification – horticulture research station in dry land – problems in

dry land horticulture – low rain fall areas – soil water management – types and

factors influencing – soil erosion – mechanical methods and soil conservation

through aforestation – fertilizer management in dry lands – chemical organic

and biological fertilizers – contingency crops under very low rain fall conditions

– lowering evapo-transpirational losses – water shed – definition – objectives –

alternate land use methods – alley cropping – Agri-Silviculture, AgriHorticulture, Horti-pastural, Silvi-pastural, ley farming, tree farming.



Horticultural Extension – concepts, aim, objective – principles are effective

horticultural extension in villages – extension teaching methods – concept,

classifications – personal relations, group relations, community relations,

concept advantages and limitations – audio visual aids, concept, classification

their importance in extension – visual aids (posters, charts, flannel graphs,

flash cards) – horticultural information aids (leaflet, folder, circular, letter,

information bulletin) – concept, planning, preparation – audio aids – concept,

radio and tape recorder use in horticultural extension – communication skills –

English vocabulary, active and passive voice, direct and indirect speech, use of

articles, synonyms, antonyms, letter writing, referring dictionary, preparation of

bio data and preparation of reports.







1.History & Culture of India with specific focus on AP

2.Indian polity and governance: constitutional issues, 73/74th Amendments, public policy, reforms and center – state relations with specific reference to Andhra Pradesh

3. Economy and Planning in India with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh

4. Society, social justice, rights issues

5. Physical geography of Indian sub-continent and Andhra Pradesh

6.Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its Administrative, Economic, Social, cultural, Political and Legal implications/problems.

7.Key welfare & development schemes of Government of Andhra Pradesh

8.Women empowerment and economic development through Self Help Groups / Community Based Organizations with focus on weaker sections


1.History & Culture of India with specific focus on AP

2.Indian polity and governance: constitutional issues, 73/74th Amendments, public policy, reforms and center – state relations with specific reference to Andhra Pradesh

3. Economy and Planning in India with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh

4. Society, social justice, rights issues

5. Physical geography of Indian sub-continent and Andhra Pradesh

6.Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its Administrative, Economic, Social, cultural, Political and Legal implications/problems.

7.Key welfare & development schemes of Government of Andhra Pradesh

8.Women empowerment and economic development through Self Help Groups / Community Based Organizations with focus on weaker sections



1. Data Structures: Introduction to Data Structures, Arrays, Stacks – Stack Operations, Applications of Stacks, Queues – Types of Queues, Operations on Queues, Applications, Linked Lists: Types of Lists, Operations on Linked Lists, Representation of Lists, Applications, Trees: Trees, Binary Trees Tree Traversals Techniques (Preorder, Inorder, Postorder), Graphs: Introduction, Types of Graphs, Graph Traversal Techniques (BFS & DFS), Searching and Sorting: Linear Search, Binary Search, Bubble Sort, Selection Sort, Insertion Sort, Quick Sort.

2. Data Base Management Systems: Introduction to DBMS, Characteristics, Data Models, Architecture, Database Design – Data Modeling, Dependency – Functional Dependencies, Lossless decomposition, Normal forms, Working with Tables – Data Definition Languages (DDL), Data Manipulation Language (DML), Functions and Grouping, Joins and Set operations.

3. Operating Systems: Introduction to Operating System, Types of Operating System, OS Structure and its Components, Objectives of OS, Functions of OS, Services provided by OS, The Evolution of Operating Systems Process Management – Process, Process Scheduling, Process Control Block, CPU Scheduling Algorithms, Memory Management – Dynamic Loading and Linking, Overlays, Logical and Physical Address Space, Contiguous Allocation – Internal & External Fragmentation, Non Contiguous Allocation – Paging and Segmentation schemes.

4. Computer organization: Fundamentals of Computers, Components of Computer System, Types of Softwares, Utility Softwares, Main memory and its types, Memory hierarchy, Characteristics of memory, Locality of Reference, External Memory, Basics of RAID, Input/Output, Modes of I/O Data Transfer – Programmed I/O, Interrupt Driven I/O, Direct Memory Access (DMA), Computer Arithmetic – Integer Representation and Arithmetic, Floating Point Representation and Arithmetic.

5. Number Systems and Digital circuits:Number Systems, Conversion of Number system, Complements, Subtraction with complements, Alpha Numeric Representation, Fixed and Floating Point Representation, Character Representation Digital Circuits -Logic Gates, Boolean Algebra Theorems.

6. Programming Languages: Algorithm and its efficiency, Flowchart, C Fundamentals – Tokens, variables, expressions, Operators, Flow Control Statements, break and continue, goto statements, Loop Control Statements, Functions, recursion, storage classes, Structures and Unions, Pointers, Arrays, Dynamic Memory Allocation Functions, OOPS Concepts – Class, Objects, Data Encapsulation, Data Hiding, Inheritance, Polymorphism, Function Overloading, Operator Overloading, Type Conversions, Constructors and Destructors, friend functions, this pointer, Inheritance and its types.

7. Computer Networks: Introduction to Computer Networks – Network topologies, Network classifications, Overview of OSI reference model and TCP/IP protocol suite, Transmission Media– Wired and Wireless Transmission, Networks Switching Techniques, Multiple Access Protocols – CSMA/CD protocols, Ethernet LANS, repeaters, hubs, switches, bridges, router and gateways, Networks Layer Functions – Routing, Routing algorithms, IP protocol, Transport Layer Functions – Error and Flow control, Three way handshake, Application layer protocol – Overview of DNS protocol, WWW &HTTP protocols, Network Security Basics – Confidentiality, Integrity, Availability, Security Policies, Security Mechanisms, Transposition, Substitution, Steganography, Ceaser Cipher, Symmetric crypto System vs Asymmetric crypto System, Active and Passive Attacks, Firewalls – Firewall and its types, Intruder – Intrusion Detection System (IDS) – Network Intrusion Detection Systems (NIDS) and Host-Based Intrusion Detection Systems (HIDS), Virus and related threats – Virus, Worms, Trojan Horses, Spyware and Adware, Rootkit, Zoombies, Botnets, Scareware.

8. Circuit Theory, Electronic Devices and Circuits:  Mesh Current and Node voltage analysis –Network theorems – Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Maximum Power Transfer, Superposition and Reciprocity theorems – Series and Parallel Resonance – Q Factor- Selectivity – Bandwidth – Linear wave shaping circuits.  Semiconductor diodes – varactor diode – zener diode – Clippers and Clampers – Transistors – FETs – UJT (characterstics only) – Power supplies – Rectifiers and Filters – HW, FW and Bridge type – Capacitor, Inductor, Lsection filter – Series and shunt regulators – Transistor amplifiers – CE,CC and CB configurations – Biasing techniques – RC coupled, Differential amplifiers – Feedback, Power and Tuned amplifiers

9. Communication Engineering:  Analog – Need for Modulation – Types of Modulation (AM, FM, PM – Modulation Index –Transmitters – Receivers – Characteristics- Sensitivity, Selectivity, Wave Propagation – Ground, Sky and Space waves – Properties. Digital – Pulse modulation – PCM, Delta modulation – Data codes – Synchronous and Asynchronous transmission – error detection and correction – Digital modulation – ASK, FSK. PSK and QAM – Generation and detection – Multiplexing – TDM, FDM – Multiple Access – TDMA.  Antennas – Radiation resistance – beam width – Polarization – Directivity – Efficiency – bandwidth-gain –folded dipole – arrays – broadside – end fire – Yagi, Log periodic, Turnstile antennas – Parabolic reflectors – beam width, gain and applications.

10.D.C. Machines and A.C. machines:  DC Machines, Batteries and Measuring Instruments:DC Generators, EMF equation, Characteristics, Efficiency and Parallel operations.DC Motors : Principle of operations, Back EMF, Torque Equation, Types, armature reaction, Characteristics, Starters, Speed control, Losses, Efficiency A.C. Circuits: Fundamentals, Series and parallel R-L-C Circuits, Resonant circuits, Polyphase Circuits, Transformer : Single phase Transformer, Operation, Equivalent circuit, regulation, efficiency, Three phase Transformers, Auto Transformers.  AC Machines :Alternators : Operation, EMF equation, regulation, Synchronous Motors : Operation and performance, effects of Excitation, V – Curve and inverted V- curve, Three phase induction Motors ; Principle of operation, Torque Equation, Slip torque characterstics, losses, efficiency, speed control

11. Power System generation and Protection:  Generating Stations: Working, Comparison of thermal, Hydel, Nuclear and Gas Power Stations, power factor correction and economy.  Power station Protection: Circuit Breakers – Types, Principles of operation and uses,  Transmission and Distribution: Types of supply systems, Transmission line parameters, inductance and capacitance, performance of short and medium lines, regulation, Ferranti effect, Corona, Basic Concepts of HVDC Transmission Advantage and disadvantages of HVDC Transmission

12. Electrical & Electronic Measuring Instruments:  Analog Instruments – Extension of range of Ammeter, Voltmeter and Ohmmeter – FET Voltmeter – Differential voltmeter – Digital instruments – Ramp – Dual slope integration- successive approximation –digital frequency meter-digital LCR meter – CRO –CRT-time base generator – deflection sensitivity – triggered sweep circuits – CRO applications.  Classification, Principle of Operation of Moving coil, moving iron, Dynamometer type, Induction type meters, Instrument transformers, Induction type energy meter, PF meter, Frequency meter, Measurement of Resistance, Transducers and Sensors – Types, Thermistor, Thermocouple, Pressure Transducers and Strain gauges



1. Strength of Materials: Simple stresses and strains for ductile materials-mechanical

properties of materials-Hooke’s law-lateral strain poisson’s ratio-Elastic constants and

the relations between them-Composite sections-Resilience-Strain energy-Gradual and

sudden loading-shear force and Bending moment diagrams for cantilever, Simply

supported, fixed, continuous and overhanging beams subjected to point loads and

UDL. Theory of simple bending-assumptions-bending equation-bending stresssection modulus-shear stress distribution across various sections like rectangular,

circular and I-sections-Torsion-solid and hollow circular shafts.

2. Engineering Mechanics: Statics, Resolution of force, Equilibrium of forces,

Parallelogram law of forces, triangle law of forces, polygon law of forces and Lami„s

theorem, Drawing the free body diagram, Centre of Gravity, Centre of Mass and

centroid, Centroid of square, rectangle, triangle, semi-circle and trapezium, Centre of

gravity of composite sections by analytical method `only (T-Section, L-Section Isection and channel section). Moment of Inertia, Theorems of Moment of Inertia. `i)

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Parallel axes theorem, ii) Perpendicular axes theorem. c) Moment of Inertia for simple

Geometrical Sections, Rectangular, circular and triangular section and Radius of

Gyration. Calculation of Moment of Inertia and Radius of Gyration of a) I – Section, b)

Channel Section, c) T – Section. d) L – Section, e) Z – section f) Built up Sections.

3. Fluid Mechanics Properties, Ideal and Real fluids, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian

fluids, compressible and incompressible fluids, Units, Fluid properties, Intensity of

pressure, Pascal„s law, Atmospheric, Vacuum, Gauge and absolute pressures.

Measurement of pressures by piezo-meter, , U-Tube – manometer, differential

manometer bourdon pressure gauge, buoyancy, Flow of Liquids, Types of fluid flowSteady and unsteady flow, Uniform and Non-uniform flow, Two &Three dimensional

flow, Rotational & irrotational flow, Laminar & Turbulent flow, Reynold„s Number.

Pressure, potential and kinetic energy of liquids, total energy, Continuity equation for

one-dimensional flow, Laws of conservation- Mass, Energy and Momentum, Velocity

of liquids and discharge, Bernoulli„s equation, Applications Venturimeters, pitot-tube,

current meters, Flow through pipes, Various losses when liquid flows through pipes,

Laws of fluid friction, The equations for loss of head in pipes due to friction, Minor

losses in pipe flow, Hydraulic gradient and total energy line for different pipes, Pipes

in series(Compound pipe) and equivalent pipe, Impact of jets, Force of jet striking at

the centre and at the top of a fixed curved blade and moving curved blade, velocity

triangles, Work done, power and efficiency.

4. Hydraulic Pumps: Function of a pump, Principle of operation of a reciprocating

pump, single acting, double acting pumps, Effect of velocity and acceleration of fluids

in suction and delivery pipes, Working principle & Constructional details of centrifugal

pump, Comparison between Reciprocating and Centrifugal pumps, Priming of

centrifugal pump and its necessary leakages of air its prevention, Work done by the

impeller, Static head, Manometric head, Efficiencies- Manometric efficiency,

Volumetric efficiency, Mechanical efficiency and Overall efficiency, Cavitation and its

effect, Working principle of Jet & Submersible pumps.

5. Engineering Drawing: Construction of polygon: Construction of any regular

polygon of given side using general method. Conical Curves: Ellipse, Parabola,

Hyperbola, Eccentricity of above curves – Construction of ellipse by concentric circles

method – Construction of parabola by rectangle method – Construction of rectangular

hyperbola. Projection of points and Lines, projection of planes, projection of solids,

Auxiliary views.

6. Reinforced concrete structures: Grades of concrete, characteristic strength,

modulus of elasticity-I.S. 456 -2000-Philosophy of limit state design. Limit state of

strength and serviceability, partial safety factor-design strength of materials and

design loads – assumptions. Analysis and limit state design of rectangular beams

singly, doubly reinforced and T-beams, Shear in RCC beams, lintels and sunshadesdevelopment length. Slabs analysis and limit state design of one way and two way

slabs as per IS 456-2000 Torsion reinforcement. design of continuous slabs and

beams Deflection check for slabs and beams. Detailing of reinforcement in singly

reinforced and double reinforced simply supported beams of rectangular sections and

lintels. one way and two way slabs. Columns: Codal provisions of I.S 456 2000 short

and long columns different shapes design of short columns by limit state method –

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long columns concept, effective length for different end conditions. footings-isolated

column footings – one way shear and two way shear. Stairs-types, loads on stairs.

7. Surveying: Chain surveying – purpose and principle -errors and corrections –

different operations in chain surveying – obstacles – methods of calculation of area.

Compass surveying – purpose and principle – bearings – traversing using prismatic

compass – local attraction – errors – Levelling – definitions – component parts – errors –

classification of levelling – contouring – characteristics and methods. Theodolite –

principles and component parts – fundamental lines and relationship among them –

adjustments of theodolite – measurement of horizontal and vertical angles – errors –

traverse computations – bowditoh and transit rule. Tachometry principle – stadia

tachometry – tangential tachometry, principle and uses of E.D.M. Electronic

Theodolite, total station, Global positioning system – Importance, G.I.S – use and

applications in Civil Engineering.

8. Production Technology: Working and operations of lathe, Drilling, shaper, slotter,

planner, milling machines – Capstan and turret lathes – copying lathes – surface

finishing operations – Honing, lapping, super finishing, electro plating, metal spraying.

Equipment used in arc and gas welding. modern welding methods – Submerged arc,

atomic, hydrogen, CO2, and ultrasonic welding, Forging processes and tools – cold

and hot working processes. Pattern types – types of moulding sand and their

properties – Defects in casting and welding.



1. Importance of Lettering and Numbering – Figure Sizes and Proportions IS

Standard Practice.

2. Construction of Plain Geometric Figures (Lines Angles, Triangle, Rhombus,

Quadrilaterals, Polygon etc) Orthographic Projection – Recommended

methods of Projections as per IS code.

3. Construction of Ordinary Scale – Plain, & Comparative Diagonal, Vernier,

& Scale of Chords.

4. Drawing Plan and Elevation of Points, Lines, Surfaces & Solids.

5. Conventional Signs and Symbols as per IS Code for Engineering Drawings

and Buildings Drawings.

6. Drawing and detailing of (a) Brick arrangements – Various types of

Bonds, (b) Stone Masonry & Stone Joints (c) Foundations – Various types

(d) Damp Proof Course & Plinth Protection (e) Roof types – Reinforced

Concrete, Madras Terrace & Jack Arch, (f) Flooring types – Timber

Flooring, Steel Flooring, Tile Flooring, (g) Arches & Lintels Carpentry

Joints, Framing, Paneling and Moulding (h) Doors types – Paneled,

Glazed, and Flush Door, (i) Windows & Ventilators (j) Pitched Roof –

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Various types – King post, & Queen post, (k) Steel Roof Trusses (l) Stairs

– Various types – Wooden, Steel and Reinforced Concrete – Spiral,

Doglegged & Open Well (m) Single Storied Residential House – Plan,

Elevation and Section (n) Cross section showing different types of Roads,

Railway Track, Embankment and layout of Platforms (o) Different types of

Irrigation Structures (p) Pipelines Joints Drainage Works, Manholes,

Sanitary fittings, (q) Forms of Rivet Heads, Types of Riveted Joints,

Standard Steel Section, Standard Connections.

7. Surveying of Buildings Sites with Chain, Field Book Entries – Plotting –

Calculation of Areas.

8. Use of Prismatic Compass, Handling of Leveling Instrument – Differential

Leveling, Surveying of Building Sites with Chain and Level for Calculation

of Earth Work. Plotting of Longitudinal/Cross section, Drawing of




1. Events of national importance.

2. Current affairs- national, regional and State of Andhra Pradesh.

3. General science and It applications to the day to day life Contemporary developments in Science & Technology and information Technology.

4. Social-economic and political history of modern India with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh.

5. Indian polity and governance constitutional issues, public policy, reforms and egovernance initiatives with specific reference to Andhra Pradesh.

6. Economic development in India since independence with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh.

7. Physical geography of Indian sub-continent and Andhra Pradesh. 8. Disaster management: vulnerability profile, prevention and mitigation strategies, Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in the assessment of Disaster. 9. Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection.

10. Logical reasoning, analytical ability and data interpretation.

11. Data Analysis. a. Tabulation of data. b. Visual representation of data. c. Basic data analysis (Summary Statistics such as mean, median, mode, variance and coefficient of variation) and Interpretation.

12. Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its Administrative, Economic Social, Cultural, Political and Legal implications/problems.


1) Importance of Lettering and Numbering–Figure Sizes and Proportions IS Standard Practice. Construction of Plain Geometric Figures (Lines Angles, Triangle, Rhombus, Quadrilaterals, Polygon) Orthographic ProjectionRecommended methods of Projections as per IS code. Construction of Ordinary Scale–Plain & Comparative Diagonal, Vernier,& Scale of Chords. Drawing Plan and Elevation of Points, Lines, Surfaces & Solids. Conventional Signs and Symbols as per IS Code for Engineering Drawings and Buildings Drawings. 2) Drawing and detailing of (a) Brick arrangements – Various types of Bonds, (b) Stone Masonry & Stone Joints ((c) Foundations – Various types (d) Damp Proof Course & Plinth Protection(e) Roof types–Reinforced Concrete, Madras Terrace &Jack Arch,(f) Flooring types – Timber Flooring, Steel Flooring, Tile Flooring, (g) Arches & Lintels Carpentry Joints, Framing, Paneling and Moulding (h) Doors types – Paneled, Glazed, and Flush Door, (i) Windows & Ventilators (j) Pitched Roof – Various types – King post, & Queen post, (k) Steel Roof Trusses(l)Stairs–Various types – Wooden, Steel and Rein forced Concrete– Spiral, 3) Doglegged &Open Well(m)Single Storied Residential House– Plan, Elevation and Section(n)Cross section showing different types of Roads, Railway Track, Embankment and layout of Platforms(o) Different types of Irrigation Structures (p) Pipelines Joints Drainage Works, Manholes, Sanitary fittings, (q) Forms of Rivet Heads, Types of Riveted Joints, Standard Steel Section, Standard Connections. 4) Surveying of Buildings Sites with Chain, Field Book Entries – Plotting – Calculation of Areas. 5) Use of Prismatic Compass, Handling of Leveling Instrument – Differential Leveling, Surveying of Building Sites with Chain and Level for Calculation of Earth Work. Plotting of Longitudinal / Cross section, Drawing of Contours.


1. General Mental Ability and Reasoning

2. Quantitative Aptitude including data interpretation

3. Comprehension – Telugu and English

4. General English

5. Basic Computer Knowledge

6. Current Affairs of regional, national and international importance

7. General Science and its applications to the day to day life, contemporary developments in Science and Technology and Information Technology 8. Sustainable Development and


1.History & Culture of India with specific focus on AP

2.Indian polity and governance: constitutional issues, 73/74th Amendments, public policy, reforms and center – state relations with specific reference to Andhra Pradesh

3. Economy and Planning in India with emphasis on Andhra Pradesh

4. Society, social justice, rights issues

5. Physical geography of Indian sub-continent and Andhra Pradesh

6.Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its Administrative, Economic, Social, cultural, Political and Legal implications/problems.

7.Key welfare & development schemes of Government of Andhra Pradesh

8.Women empowerment and economic development through Self Help Groups / Community Based Organizations with focus on weaker sections