## [:en]Mensuration formulas [:]

[:en]

Mensuration formulas

# Important Mensuration formulas

[vc_row][vc_column width=”1/3″][vc_cta h2=”” style=”outline” color=”blue”]Rectangle :

• Area = lb
• Perimeter  = 2(l+b)

Square :

• Area = a×a
• Perimeter = 4a

Parallelogram

• Area = l × h
• Perimeter = 2(l+b)

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/3″][vc_cta h2=”” style=”outline” color=”blue”]Triangle :

• Area =b×h/2 or √s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c)   (where s=a+b+c/2)

Right angle Triangle :

• Area =1/2(bh)
• Perimeter = b+h+d

Isosceles right angle triangle :

• Area = ½. a2
• Perimeter = 2a+d(where d=a√2)

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/3″][vc_cta h2=”” style=”outline” color=”blue”]Equilateral Triangle :

• Area= √3.a2/4 or ½(ah) (where h=√3/2)
• Perimeter = 3a

Trapezium :

• Area = 1/2h(a+b)
• Perimeter = Sum of all sides

Rhombus :

• Area = d1 × d2/2
• Perimeter = 4l

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_cta h2=”” txt_align=”center” style=”flat”] • Area =1/2 × Diagonal × (Sum of offsets)

Kite :

• Area  = d1×d2/2
• Perimeter  = 2 × Sum on non-adjacent sides

Circle :

• Area =  πr^2 or πd^2/4
• Circumference = 2πr  or πd
• Area of sector of a circle = (θπr^2 )/360

Frustum :

• Curved surface area = πh(r1+r2)
• Surface area = π( r12+ h(r1+r2) + r22)

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_cta h2=”” style=”outline” color=”pink”]Cube :

• Volume: V = l3
• Lateral surface area = 4a2
• Diagonal (d) = √3l

Cuboid :

• Volume of cuboid: lbh
• Total surface area = 2 (lb + bh + hl) or 6l2
• Length of diagonal =√(l^2+b^2+h^2)

Right Circular Cylinder :

• Volume of Cylinder = π r2 h
• Lateral Surface Area (LSA or CSA) = 2π r h
• Total Surface Area = TSA = 2 π r (r + h)
• Volume of hollow cylinder = π r h(R2 – r2)

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_cta h2=”” style=”outline” color=”violet”]Right Circular cone :

• Volume = 1/3 π r2h
• Curved surface area: CSA=  π r l
• Total surface area = TSA = πr(r + l )

Sphere

• Volume: V = 4/3 πr3
• Surface Area: S = 4πr2

Hemisphere :

• Volume = 2/3 π r3
• Curved surface area(CSA) = 2 π r2
• Total surface area = TSA = 3 π r2

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_cta h2=”” style=”outline” color=”violet”]Prism :

• Volume = Base area x h
• Lateral Surface area = perimeter of the base x h

Pyramid:

• Volume of a right pyramid = (1/3) × area of the base × height.
• Area of the lateral faces of a right pyramid = (1/2) × perimeter of the base x slant height.
• Area of whole surface of a right pyramid = area of the lateral faces + area of the base.

Tetrahedron :

• Area of its slant sides = 3a2√3/4
• Area of its whole surface = √3a2
• Volume of the tetrahedron = (√2/12) a 3

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_cta h2=”” style=”outline” color=”vista-blue”]Regular Hexagon :

• Area =  3√3 a2 / 2
• Perimeter  = 6a

Some other Formula :

• Area of Pathway running across the middle of  a rectangle = w(l+b-w)
• Perimeter of Pathway around a rectangle field = 2(l+b+4w)
• Area of Pathway around a rectangle field =2w(l+b+2w)
• Perimeter of Pathway inside a rectangle field =2(l+b-4w)
• Area of Pathway inside a rectangle field =2w(l+b-2w)
• Area of four walls = 2h(l+b)

[/vc_cta][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_single_image image=”6801″ img_size=”406 × 423″][/vc_column][/vc_row][:]

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